A Study of the Position of Children’s Educational Rights in Islamic Jurisprudence and Civil Law

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran,

2 MA. Departmen of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran



One of the children’s rights is their educational right or, in other words, their right of being provided with the means of proper education. In spite of the improvements in children’s property rights and criminal laws in Iran’s constitution, there are still greatly-felt shortcomings in regard to children’s educational rights. For instance, lawmakers have specified no educational rights for fetus before it is actually born as a child, and considering the after-birth period, they have solely sufficed to the application of two legal articles, namely 1178 and 1104 articles, in a vague and brief way. This is as Islam, as a religion, has not only legislated special educational rights for the fetus actually in three phases of before the marriage of parents, before conception, and before the birth of the child, but also has explained several special educational rights for the after-birth period that lawmakers should include in their child protection laws.


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