Studying Differences of Child Inheritance in Iranian and English Law

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Candidate, Department of Private Law, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.

10.22034/ijrj.2021.682412

Abstract

In the present article, with the focus on the child's inheritance and descriptive-analytical method, we tried to distinguish the approach of two legal systems of Iran. In this regard, three issues are explained in the two legal systems: the causes and barriers of inheritance, share of the child's inheritance and the inheritance status of the particular child. And it is concluded that despite the fact that in both legal systems Sanguinity and marriage are necessary for inheritance and there is a gradient pattern in the division of inheritance, but in British law, on the one hand, the barriers to inheritance are exclusive to the murder of the deceased and, on the other hand, the gradient pattern is adjusted by the rule of priority and if there are children, they do not inherit the deceased parents. Regarding the inheritance status of other child cases, it became clear that in Iranian law, the existence of a legitimate birth is necessary in order to realize the inheritance. While in UK law, by adopting specific acts, in addition to the criterion of kinship, both legitimate and illegitimate and contractual criteria have also been identified.

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