Studying Differences of Child Inheritance in Iranian and English Law

Document Type : Original Article


1 Candidate, Department of Private Law, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.



In the present article, with the focus on the child's inheritance and descriptive-analytical method, we tried to distinguish the approach of two legal systems of Iran. In this regard, three issues are explained in the two legal systems: the causes and barriers of inheritance, share of the child's inheritance and the inheritance status of the particular child. And it is concluded that despite the fact that in both legal systems Sanguinity and marriage are necessary for inheritance and there is a gradient pattern in the division of inheritance, but in British law, on the one hand, the barriers to inheritance are exclusive to the murder of the deceased and, on the other hand, the gradient pattern is adjusted by the rule of priority and if there are children, they do not inherit the deceased parents. Regarding the inheritance status of other child cases, it became clear that in Iranian law, the existence of a legitimate birth is necessary in order to realize the inheritance. While in UK law, by adopting specific acts, in addition to the criterion of kinship, both legitimate and illegitimate and contractual criteria have also been identified.


Main Subjects

Al-Bahr al-Ulum, M. (1982). Balaghatol Faghih. Tehran: Sadegh Publications.
Allameh  Helli, H. (1993). Ghavad-Al-Ahkam Fi Mairefat Al-Halal Ve Al-Haram. Qom: Islamic Publications Office.
Allameh  Helli, H. (1998). Mokhtalef-Al-Shieh. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute.
Azarnoosh, A. (2007). Contemporary Arabic and Persian dictionary. Tehran: Publishing.
Dehkhoda, A. A. (1998). Dehkhoda dictionary. Tehran: Tehran University Press.
Fazel Lankarani, M. (No date). Jamei-Al-Masael. Qom: Amir Press.
Gheblei Khoyi, Kh. (2012). Succession. Tehran: Samt Publications.
Gorji, A. (2006). Comparative study of family Law. Tehran: University of Tehran.
Halabi, A. (1982). Alkafi Fe-Al-fegh. Isfahan: Amir al-Momenin Library.
Helli, A. (1991). Almazhab-Al-Barei. Volume 4. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute.
Ibn Boraj, G. (1985). Al-mazhab. Qom: Islamic Publications Office.
Ibn Jonaid Scafi, M. (1995). Majmueye fatawi. Qom: Islamic Publications.
Ibne Edris, M. (1989). Al-Saraer-Al-Hawi Le-Tahrirol Fatawi. Qom: Islamic Publications Office.
Imami, S. (2010). Civil Law. Tehran: Islamic Publications.
Jafari-Langroudi, M. J. (2016). Mabsoot Dictionary terms of law. Tehran: Ganj-e-Danesh Publications.
Katouzian, N. (2013). Civil law basic course: Succession. Tehran: Mizan Publishing.
Katouzian, N. (2016). Civil law course: Family. Tehran: Enteshar Co. Publishing.
Khamenei, A (2007). Resaleye Ajvab-Al-Esteftaat. Tehran: Al-Huda Publications.
Khomeini, R. (2011). Tahrir-Al-Vasileh. Qom: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmiyyeh.
Khoyi, A. (1989). Menhaj Al-Saleheen. Qom: Medinat Al-Elm Publishing.
Khoyi, A. (No date). Mostahdesat-Al-Masael. Qom: No publisher.
Makarem Shirazi, N. (2002). New polls. Qom: Emam Ali Ebne Abi Taleb School Publications.
Mohaghegh Helli, A. (1989). Sharayei-Al-Eslam. Tehran: Esteghlal Publications.
Najafi, K. (No date). Al-Favaed Al-jafariyyeh. Qom: Kashef Al-Ghetai Institute.
Najafi, M. H. (1987). Javaher-Al-kalam Fi Sharhe Sharayei-Al-Islam. Tehran: Islamic Books House.
Naraqi, A. M. (1998). Mostanad-Al-Shieh. Qom: Al-Beyt Institute.
Nouri Hamedani, H. (1998). A matter of jurisprudence. Qom: The Promised Mehdi Foundation.
Roshan, M. (2014). Family law. Tehran: Jungle Publications.
Sabzevari, M. B. (2002). Kefayat-Al-Ahkam. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute.
Saduq Qomi, M. (1994). Al-Maghnaeh. Qom: Emam Hadi Institute.
Safaei, H. (2006). A concise family law. Tehran: Mizan Publication.
Sanei, Y. (2013). Polls: Fatwas required by people living abroad. Qom: Feqh-Al-Thaqalain Publications.
Shahid Thani, Z. (1995). Masalek-Al-Afham Ela tanghihe Sharaer-Al-Eslam. Qom: Islamic Enlightenment Institute.
Shahid Thani, Z. (No date). Al-rozat-Al-Bahiyye Fi Sharh-Al-Dameshghiyye. Publications of the religious community of Najaf.
Shahide avval, M. (1996). Al-dorus-Al-shariyye Fi Ffegh-Al-Emamiyye. Qom: Islamic Publications Office.
Shahidi, M. (2016). Succession. Tehran: Majd Publications.
Sheikh Mufid, M. (1989). Al-Maghnaeh. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute.
Tabatabai, A. (2001). Riyaz-Al-Masael. Qom: Islamic Publishing Institute.
Tousi, A. (2008). Al-Mabsoot Fi Fegh-Al-Emamiyyeh. Tehran: Al-Maktab-Al-Mortazaviyyeh Le-Ehya Al-Asar Al-Jafariyeh.
Tousi, H. (1987). Al-Vasileh Ela nNey-Al-Fazileh. Qom: Ayatollah Marashi Najafi Library Publications.