Justifying the Principle of not Paying Attention to the Objections in Patent Rights from Jurisprudential Point of View

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Penal Law, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Ph.D. Assistant Prof. Of Law , Law Group, Faculty of Law , Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2021.682410

Abstract

Unlike the legal system that considers the transfer of debt to be absolutely independent of of influence of cause and even if it proves to be null or void, it has been recognized in accordance with the general rules of Islamic jurisprudence and civil law. Also, it is considered to be one of the pillars of any legal action, and such a transfer is, as a matter of fact, absolutely influenced by the original relationship.
In the relationship between the hands entered in negotiable instrument, there is an important deviation, from the general mentioned rule, and that is when the negotiable instrument is circulated after its signature and submission to the first  holder by indorsment, there is not heared the objections of  invalidation or inexistence of original relationship by previous hands. This concept of negotiable instruments  law have been called not Paying Attention to the Objections in Patent Rights. Because of the appearance of a clear conflict with established jurisprudential rules and traditional laws and invalidity as the origin of the right, it is unacceptable for a person bound by jurisprudential principles but in order to consider institutions  in which the lawmaker has appointed persons to be trustworthy to appearance or merely because they have genuine confidence in the emergence of the rightful owner, on the one hand, and the precision of the jurisprudential institutions that make individuals responsible for the caused damages on the other, it obliges them to e indicate that the mentioned principle is jurisprudentially justifiable.

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