Legal analysis of the role of time in The realization of the crime, determining the punishment and its application

Document Type : Original Article


1 Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran (Corresponding Author)

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law, Semnan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Semnan, Iran (Corresponding Author)



The present article aims to identify and evaluate the importance of the role of time in occurence of crime from a legal point of view and in terms of data collection as a documentary and in terms of information analytical method in a descriptive-analytical manner and discusses it in a conceptual context. Time requirements, its effect on the validity of laws, lapse of time, time relation analysis and criminal liability, the influence of the time element on the punishment process, and how the punishment fits in with time requirements, ultimately examines the relationship of time to some of the punitive consequences.
In this study, while trying to examine the strengths and weaknesses of existing laws on the subject, based on the results of the research we also emphasize that time phenomenon as a factor or facilitator of crime from the perspective of criminology and Sometimes it plays a role as a Condition for the actus reus to be realized, mitigation or aggravation of criminal liability and the factor of conversion, suspension or delay of punishment from the perspective of criminal law.