Guarantee of Homicide due to Sexual Intercourse in Iranian Jurisprudence and Criminal Law

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

10.22034/ijrj.2020.678164

Abstract

Sexual intercourse is generally not the means of killing other people. Infection of sexual partner to STD as well as force in penetration, however, may result in death.  In the first case, the person 's awareness of his own infection, methods of disease transmission and its lethality are supposed as conditions of murder and in the assumption of not being aware of each of these components as well as taking measures to prevent transmission, Dia will be fixed for partner or his/her sanguinity relations. If the death results due to force in sexual penetration, most of the jurists are believe in payment of Dia by partner, although some are against this view on the basis of the Rule “No Liability for Authorized Act “. In addition, some jurists fix Dia only where there is a dispute between the spouses. Provided the dispute affirmed, it seems that claimant can ask for Qasameh. Where there is no dispute between spouses, the husband shall not be responsible. In Iran’s criminal law, there is no specific article in this respect, but it is inferred from different legal titles.

Keywords


Abbasi, M., Abbasian, L., Ehsanpour, S.R., & Qanbari, A. (2008). AIDS Transmission through Sex and Blood transmission. Medical Law J. 2(4), 25-35.
Al Kashef Al-Qeta, MH. (2020). Tahrir Al-Majale. Qom: Majma Taghrib.
Ardebili, M.A. (2019). General criminal law. Tehran: Mizan Publishing.
Ehsanpour, S.R. (2008). Aids and criminal law. Medical Law J., 2(5), 23-33.
Ehsanpour, S.R. (2017). Penal sciences encyclopedia. Tehran: Mizan.
Ehsanpour, S.R. (2009). Criminal liability for transmission of HIV. Tehran: Law Publishing.
Fakhr Al-Mohaqeqin, M. (2008). Al-Moghtasar. Qom: Esmailian Publishing.
Fazel Abi, H. (1987). Kashf Al-Romouz. Qom: JameModarresin.
Fazel Hindi, M. (1995). Kash Al-Losam. Qom: JameModarresin.
FazelMeqdad, M. (1983). Al-Tanqih. Qom: Marashi Library.
HorAmeli, M. (1995). Vasel Al-Shia. Qum: Ale Beit Publishing.
Hosseini, S.M. & Ehsanpour, S.R. (2016). “Possibility of Prosecuting HIV Transmission by Muharaba&Ifsad-Fel_Arz in Iranian Criminal Law; with Comparative View on USA Judicial Judgments”. Medical Law j., 37, 18-28.
Ibn Babveih, M. (1984). Man La Yahzoroho Al-Faqih. Qom: JameModarresin.
Ibn Edris, M. (2008). Mosoue Ibn Edris. Qom: Dalile Ma.
Ibn Fahd Helli, J. (1990). Al-Moqtasar. Mashhad: Astan Qods Rezavi.
Khoui, SAQ. (ND). Mabani Takmele. Tehran: Elmi Publishing.
Maraqi, MAF. (ND). Al-Anavin. Qum: Islamic Office Publishing.
Mofid, M. (1989). Al-Moqne. Qum: Jame Modarresin.
MoghadasArdebibli, A. (1982). Majma Al-Faedeva Al-Borhan. Qom: Islamic Publishing.
Mohseni, M.A. (2003). Al-Zamanat. Qum: Payam Mehr.
Mohseni, M.A. (ND). Jurisprudence and medical matters. NP: Yaran Publishing.
Mousavi Sabzevari, A.A. (1992). Mohazzab Al-Bare. Qom: Mousavi Publishing.
Mostafavi, S.M. &  Ehsanpour, S.R. (2007). Criminal Responsibility for Transmission of HIV”. Islamic Law Research, 8(26), 33-43.
Najafi, M.H. (1981). Javaher Al-Kalam. Beirut: Dar Ehya.
Nour Baha, R. (2006). Ground of criminal law. Tehran: GanjeDanesh.
Richard, E. (2002). Criminal law, public health. Canada: Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network.
Shahid Sani, Z. (1992). Masalek Al-Afham. Qom: Maaref Institute.
Tabatabai, S.A. (1983). Riaz Al-Masael. Qom: Ale Beyt Institute.
Tousi, M. (1980). Al-Nahaye. Beirut: Dar Al-Kotob.