Inheritance of Heirs Who Died at the Same Time in Similar Incidents to Destruction

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

10.22034/ijrj.2020.678163

Abstract

In Article 873 Civil Law the issue of inheritance has been raised in relation to persons who inherit from each other but whose time of death is unknown and the precedence of death of one of them is not known. The article mentions two exceptions and excludes others who are subject to the above situation from inheritance; the first exception is related to the case where their death is the result of drowning and the second exception is in case of death due to destruction. The above exceptions, which are included at the beginning of the article, are adapted from Imami jurisprudence. The apparent conflict at the beginning and below of the above article has affected the judicial opinions as well as the opinions of legal scholars. In this article, by examining the basics of the two rulings on non-inheritance and inheritance in the exceptions provided in this article, as well as the existing views on its limited or extensive interpretation, the possibility of inheritance in similar incidents, which is more common, has been investigated. And finally, by observing the framework of Article 873 Civil Law and also the requirements of the time and in order to solve social problems and in terms of custom, we considered the possibility of expanding the examples within the scope of the concept of destruction.

Keywords


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