Analysis of the Influence of Evolution of Power Structure in Family on Husband's Rights

Document Type : Original Article


Imam Sadegh University



Power structure in the most Iranian families has evolved from authoritarian (patriarchal) to semi-democratic. This transformation has affected all aspects of the family, especially its legal dimension, in terms of the rights of members. One of the most important rights under influence of evolution is husband's rights. Therefore, in this research, we tried to examine the effect of the transformation on husband's rights, and we concluded that since the requirements of time and place necessitate the necessity of adapting laws with developments, therefore the legislator appropriate to the evolution of the power structure in the family has introduced new laws or amended former laws regarding the right of presidency, the right of divorce and the right of polygamy. However, there are still  some affairs related to these rights that have changed, but have not attracted the attention by the legislator and, as a result, have created legal gaps; therefore, changes to previous laws or the establishment of new laws are recommended by using the legal capacity of them.


Ahmadieh, M. & Jafarpour, J. (2001). Divorce at the request of the woman divorce at the husband's request. Tehran: Safir.
Alaviyoon, M.R. (2002). Woman’s work in Iranian law and international law. Tehran: Roshangaran Publication.
Ameli, Z al-iBn A. (1987). Al-rozah al-bahiyah fi sharh al-lom'ah al-dameshghiyah. Qom:  Davari Bookstore.
Ameli, Z al-iBn A. (1990). Masalek al-A'fham. Qom: Ma,arefe al-islamieh Institute.
Asefi, A.(1973).Family and Education in Iran. Tehran: National Association of Parents and Coaches.
Azad Armaki, T.(2007). Iranian family sociology. Tehran: Samt.
Bahjat, M.T. (2007). Explanation of religious issue. Qom: Shafagh Publication.
Behnam, J. (1973).Structure of family and relationship in Iran. Tehran: Joint-stock Company of Kharazmi Publication.
Bostan, H. (2011). Family sociology, looking at Islamic resources. Qom: Research Institute of Hawzeh and University.
Clarkson,(1995). Analysis of the foundations of criminal law. Tehran: Jahad Daneshgahi Shahid Beheshti Publication.
Emami, H. (2005).Civil rights. Tehran: Islamiyeh Publication.
Fazel Lankarani, M.J. (1995). Article of 'time and place and jurisprudence' contained in the collection of works of the congress of  review of jurisprudential principles of Imam Khomeini (RA) "The role of time and place in ijtihad". Qom: Institute for the Regulation andP of Works of Imam Khomeini.
Fazel Lankarani, M.J. (2003).Explanation of religious issue. Qom: No place.
Fazlollah, M. (1991). Islamic reflections on women. Beirut: Darolmelak.
Ghorban Nia et al. (2005).Women rights research. Tehran: Rooze No.
Helli, Y. (1990).Ghavaed al-ahkam fi ma'refat al-halal va al-haram. Qom: Islamic Publication Related to Instructor Community of Qom Seminary.
Jahangiri, M. (2006).Investigation of religious jurisprudence distinction between wife and husband. Qom: Boostan ketab  institute.
Janati, M.E. (2002).Explanation of religious issue. Qom: Ansarian.
Katoozian, N. (1996). Civil right of family. Tehran: Publishing Company in cooperation with Bahman Borna.
Kazemzade, A. (2003). Differences between men and women rights in Iranian legal system (basics and examples). Tehran: Mizan Publication.
Koleini, M ibn Y. (1984). Al-Kafi. Tehran: Dar al-kotob al-islamieh.
Majlesi Isfahani, M.B. (1987). Bahar al-Anwar. Beirut: Al-taba Al-Nashr Institute.
Makarem Shirazi, N. (2001).Explanation of religious issues. Qom: Imam Ali School Publication.
Makarem Shirazi, N. (2001).Marriage book. Qom: Imam Ali School Publication.
Maleki, H. (2008). Management and planning of family affairs. Zanjan: Danesh Publication.
Meghdadi, M.M. (2006). Family directorate ( Investigation of article 105 of the Civil Code.). Tehran: Public Relations Department of Women's Social Cultural Council.
Mehrpoor, H. (2000).Discussions of women's rights in terms of domestic law: jurisprudential principles and international standards. Tehran: Etelaat Publication.
Mehrpoor, H. (2001). Collection of considerations of the council of guardians. Tehran: Keyhan.
Mohaghegh Damad, S.M. (2011).Jurisprudential review of family law marriage and its dissolution. Tehran: Center for the Publishing of Islamic Sciences.
Mohaghegh Helli, H. (1985). Sharay'e al-islam. Qom: Esmaeelian.
Momen, R, (2013). Position, scope and sex rights of couples in Islamic jurisprudence and law. Tehran: Imam Sadiq University.
Moosavi Khomeini, R. (No date). Tahrir al-vasileh. Qom: Dar Al-elm Publication Institute.
Moosavi Khoyi, A. (1987).Menhaj al-salehin. Qom: Madinah al- elm Publication.
Motahari, M. (2008).Women's rights system in Islam. Tehran: Sadra Publication.
Najafi, M.H. (1981). Javaher al-kalam. Beirut: Dare ehya'e al-terase al-arabi.
Poorshafiee, M. (2010). Investigation  the extent of Legislator Support from First Wife in Renewed Marriage of Husband. Tehran: Tarbiyat Modares University.
Qomi, M ibn A ibn B. (1970).Ouyon Akhbar al-reza. Najaf: al-heidarieh Publication.
Qomi, M ibn A ibn B. (1990). Man la yahzaroho al-faqhih. Qom: Islamic Bookstore affiliated with the community of the teachers of Qom Seminary.
Rahmani, A. (2012). jurisprudential review of management in husband and wife relations. Qom: Islamic Science and Culture Laboratory.
Safayi, H& Emami, A. (2009). Summary of family rights. Tehran: Mizan Publication.
Shafiezadeh, F. (2017).Influence of development of power structure in family on member’s right in iranian legal system. Tehran: Imam Sadegh University.
Shamsdin, M.M. (1998). Masael harajah fi al-fiqh al-mara't. Beirut: Dar al-melak.
Shooshtari, M. (2006).The transformation and dynamics of Shi'a Sentences: The effect of time and place on Shi,al Fiqh. Mashhad: Payame koleydar.
Tabatabaee Haeri, S.A. (1995).Riyadh Al-Masa'il Fi tahghigh al-ahkam be al-badaeh. Qom: Alolbeit Institute.
Tousi, M.H. (1964).Al-mabsout fi fiqh al- emamia. Tehran: Al- mortazavia le ihyae al-asar al-Ja'fariyah Publication.