An Inquiry into the Feasibility of Maternal Exemption from the Punishment of Hadd Qazf

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 payam noor

2 phd

10.22034/ijrj.2020.675495

Abstract

Famous Imamiyeh jurisprudents have considered the existence of the "father-childhood" relationship as an exemption from a number of punishments and they believe that the father who accuses his child will not be punished.On the other hand, they do not regard the "mother-child" relationship as a factor in the exemption from punishment and they believe in the enforcement of the punishment of the mother if they prove the accusation. This dual assumption is reflected in Articles 259 and 260 of the Islamic Penal Code. It is well known that the existence of such discrimination in the field of criminal law requires that we re-examine the religious grounds and it helps in finding answers to some of the challenges in the problem. Therefore, the present study, considering the importance of the discussion, in a descriptive-analytical inquiry and with a problem-centered approach, has examined the opinions of jurisprudents and with the critical-analytical readings of their views has strengthened the possibility of treating of the mother like father in the exemption from the Had Qazf.The abolition of the characteristic of paternity-child relationship, the reference to the ruler's taste and the purpose of the Shari'a, the analysis of the problem in the light of the rule of justice, as well as the rule of Dara al-Hadh constitute part of the freelance writer's evidence.

Keywords


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