Inference of Religious Laws, and Prove of Criminal Proceeding in Conflict of Evidences: Commons and Differences

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Kashan University, Kashan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Law, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2019.669375

Abstract

Iran's legislator, in  2013, for the first time provided the "conflict of evidences in prove of criminal proceeding" in some articles of Islamic Penal Code. In this respect without mention of occurrence terms, some cases of conflicts of evidences are mentioned, and some measures are provided. Although this matter is applicable as the first step to formalization of this conflict, whether in occurrence term or transitional solutions, it depends on jurisprudential-legal notions about conflict of proofs of inference as the root of conflict principles. So, this research in a descriptive-analytical manner seeks to study these point of views, and their convergence or divergence against conflicts of evidences of substantiation of claim. The findings shows that required terms of this conflict, whether for inference of religious laws or on evidences of substantiation of claims are the same; however solutions need more consideration in proof of criminal claim than procedure of inference of religious laws.

Keywords


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