Interference Decrees in the Crimes Subject of lex talionis (Qisas) Envisaged under Islamic Penal Code Adopted in 2014

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 MA in Criminal Law & Criminology, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran

2 Assistant Professor in Law, Maragheh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Maragheh, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2019.665208

Abstract

One of the notable innovations in the Islamic Penal Code Adopted in 2014 concerns its attention to ‘Interference of Crimes’ which is known as the ‘Interference of Reasons’ under Islamic Jurisprudence denoting different and various intentional crimes perpetrated with a single or multiple strikes by the criminal to the victim. The mentioned law, over the 2nd chapter of the Book of lex talionis (Qisas), elaborates the issue of ‘Interference of Crimes’ aiming to obviate the legal vacuum. Although in the occurrence of crimes the main prevalent principle is non-interference of reasons but, in some specific cases the interference of reasons has been accepted as such that whenever multiple crimes are perpetrated by the criminal against the victim through a single strike, interference of reasons has happened, when various crimes occur through various strikes and the interference of reasons happens if the strikes are done consecutively; otherwise, no interference of reasons is envisaged.

Keywords


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