Jurisprudence and Legal Review on Selling in “Cyberspace

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

3 , Assistant Professor of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Qom Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2019.665205

Abstract

The emergence of online shopping, as a form of electronic commerce, has raised the question of what the role of the sale is in this new virtual world. Some believe that online selling activities can be classified as »Moatat «, which is the transaction by contract without using words, and can be followed by the related rules. However, although it seems that such a transaction is in the form of a contract, it is neither a traditional market nor the non-written nor the non-verbal nor the non-oral contract. It is not a Moatat transaction because of using a click to continue the online purchase, nor the absent selling because of setting out the quantity and description of the goods and the buyer-seller interaction through online sites. It is worth mentioning that the quality of interaction between the buyer and the seller within the web is a function of the compatibility with respect to both the style and the content of communication. Thereby, e-commerce seller can enhance the influence of the information she/he provides through advertising and the buyer can inform the seller by an email easily. Taking into account all the evidence, the authors arrived at the conclusion that selling through cyberspace and online marketplaces can be considered as a new brand of selling based on a contract between two parties like traditional one but in the form of e-contract that is an agreement created and "signed" in electronic form. Accordingly, it can be called telecommunication buyer-seller interactions in order to express the communication.

Keywords


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