Juridical and Legal Investigation of Losses Caused by Negative Inflation

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 MA of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

2 Professor of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2019.665203

Abstract

Economic topics are consistently one of the most important and basic issues of any country. One of these issues is the negative inflation debate, which means reducing the general level of prices. Accordingly, once the economy of a country experiences negative inflation, there will be considerable losses for the owner of goods and capital. Additionally, this negative inflation is followed by recession and closure of factories as well as production facilities. Moreover, one of the new-found phenomena and problems of the modern world is the insurance issue and insurer companies which are developed on the basis of damage compensation principle; however, these insurer companies do not insure damages caused by negative inflation. This study aimed to investigate the legitimacy basis of damage insurance due to negative inflation, for instance generalities and absolutes of evidence, relying of wises, rubbing of criterion and law articles such as article 190 of civil code and articles 1, 4, 28 and 29 of insurance law plus other principles and rules, in order to involve these losses in the insurance contracts format.
 
 

Keywords


Ameli, M. (1994). Vasael Shia. Qom: Aal Bayt Institute.
Ashtiani, M. (1983). Bahrol Favaed fi Sharhe  Faraed. Qom: Ayatollah Marashi Publication.
Esfahan, M. )1995 .(Nahayat Deraya fi Sharhe el’ Kefaya. Qom: Seyedol Shohada Publication.
Gharavi, M. (1981). Favaedol  Osoul. Qom: Islamic Publication Office.
Helli, H. (1996). Mokhtalefol Shia fi Ahkam el’ Sharia’a. Qom: Maktabol Alam.
Hosseini, M. (1999). Meftahol Kerama. Tehran: Qahreh Publication.
Hosseinnezhad, H. (1998). Civil law. Tehran: Majd Publication.
Jeylani, A. (No date). Jame  Shatat Esteftaat. Qom: Rezvan Publication.
Katoozian, N. (2009). Zaman Ghahri. Tehran: Tehran Institute.
Katouzian, N. (2016). General principles of law. Tehran: Borna Institute.
Khorasani, M. (1989). Kefayatol Osoul. Qom: Aal Bayt Institute.
Khouni, A. (1985). Menhajol Salehin. Qom : Drol Fekr Publication.
 Moein, M. (2002). Moein Dictionary. Tehran: Rah Nou Publication.
Mohamadi, A. (2006). Principles of jurisprudence. Tehran: Mizan Institute.
Mozafar, M. (1983). Osoulol’ Fiqh .Beirut: Beirut Institute.
Safaei, M. (2007). Ashkhas va Mahjorin. Tehran: Samt Publication.
Seyvari, M. (2004). Kanzol Erfan fi Fiqh  Quran. Qom: Mortazavi Publication.
Shahid sani, Z. (2009). Al-Rozatol Bahia fi Sharhe Amata Al- Dameshghia.  Kashan: Lawful Thoughts.
Tabatabaei, M. (2011). Al-Mizan. Tehran: Drol Ketab Islami.