Official Rights of Judges of Justice and Rule of Prohibition of Receiving Fees for Obligations

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Jurisprudence & Principles of Law, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Theology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2019.546210

Abstract

One of positions with high social significance is judgeship which is considered as reference of obviating conflicts between people. In Islam religion, commissioning this position is obligatory for those who are competent. It is well known among jurisconsults that receiving fee for obligations is unlawful. For proving this illegality, Quran Ayahs have been adduced that citing them is not sufficient.  Along with these ayahs, some traditions have been mentioned on remonstration of fee for judges who have introduced it hard and illegal, that these traditions may be considered warden on the judges who are appointed by oppressor sultan. In contrast, some for ordering the license of receiving fee for obligations have adduced reasons such as respecting Muslims action and predicating return reasons and invalidity of prohibition reasons which seem defendable. But since the current duty of judges of justice according to law is merely accommodating the claims with legal clauses, they could be called legal expert not legal judge, so in judicial aspect, receiving fee by them is treated permissible. The present study investigates these topics and concludes that receiving fee for judgment has no judicial barrier.
 

Keywords


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