Jurisprudential and Legal Examination of Expediency in the Family Protection Law Approved in 2012

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Jurisprudence & Principles of Islamic Law, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran

2 Department of Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Sistan & Balochestan University, Zahedan, Iran



Family as a unit of community is in the course of changes over time; therefore, family rights must also change in the course of social transformations. This requires that some of its provisions change with an approach of expediency element which is a subcategory of wisdom decree. Relationships among family members, especially between couples, are subjects that are influenced by changes over time, and it is natural that with the evolution of the subject, relevant rules and regulations will also be changed. The family protection law encompasses a comprehensive reflection on the issues of family and undoubtedly affects the global developments and conditions of Iran more or less. Therefore, the place of expediency in the Family Protection Law approved in 2012 can be investigated in various cases concerning family laws. According to this descriptive-analytical study, this result can be stated that some of the provisions of this law can be criticized and some of them are considered as its distinctive points. The category of counseling centers is a subject of criticism, because although the goal of these centers is to create peace and reconciliation, it virtually wastes time and causes nervous pressures in couples, especially in wife. In addition to cases which are criticized, considerations of an immediate decision such as custody, caring and visiting child and alimony, which are somewhat more vulnerable cases, are distinctive and positive points of the Family Protection Law.


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