The Principle of Penal Economy as the Basis of the Interpretation in Penal Laws of Islam


1 Associate Professor in Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

2 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Principles of Law

3 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Principles of Law, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Principles of Law, Payam Nour University, Tehran, Iran



The principle of penal economy is one of the most fundamental principles in the field of criminal law that eliminates the difficulties and complexities of criminal law as one of the constraints on the rights and freedoms of citizens with a slight degree of consolation and consistency. In fact, this principle seeks to delimit the scope of the criminal law intervention in the area of ​​citizen rights and freedoms. The commitment to the principle of criminal economy not only provides for the optimal use of criminal law in its proper place, but also at the same time provides grounds for the attention of the criminal policy of Islam to the use of social-legal instruments and institutions. The rule of the shamefulness of punishment without notice of law, the rule of interpretation in favor of defendant in the face of doubt, the principle of precaution in cases involving life, reputation, sexual chastity and property, the principle of narrow interpretation, the principle of the obligation of judge to be strict  at the stage of proof of the crime and the principle and foundation of hudud on tolerance and mitigation in the implementation of penalties, the principle of tolerance, the principle of legitimacy of the expediency in determining the punishment, and the principle of non-authority justify the establishment of such a principal. Without doubt, the application of this principle in the process of punishment will result in a non-inflaming criminal system and, moreover, it can pave the way for the realization of criminal justice.


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