The Principle of Penal Economy as the Basis of the Interpretation in Penal Laws of Islam

Authors

1 Associate Professor in Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran

2 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Principles of Law

3 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Principles of Law, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Principles of Law, Payam Nour University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2018.540072

Abstract

The principle of penal economy is one of the most fundamental principles in the field of criminal law that eliminates the difficulties and complexities of criminal law as one of the constraints on the rights and freedoms of citizens with a slight degree of consolation and consistency. In fact, this principle seeks to delimit the scope of the criminal law intervention in the area of ​​citizen rights and freedoms. The commitment to the principle of criminal economy not only provides for the optimal use of criminal law in its proper place, but also at the same time provides grounds for the attention of the criminal policy of Islam to the use of social-legal instruments and institutions. The rule of the shamefulness of punishment without notice of law, the rule of interpretation in favor of defendant in the face of doubt, the principle of precaution in cases involving life, reputation, sexual chastity and property, the principle of narrow interpretation, the principle of the obligation of judge to be strict  at the stage of proof of the crime and the principle and foundation of hudud on tolerance and mitigation in the implementation of penalties, the principle of tolerance, the principle of legitimacy of the expediency in determining the punishment, and the principle of non-authority justify the establishment of such a principal. Without doubt, the application of this principle in the process of punishment will result in a non-inflaming criminal system and, moreover, it can pave the way for the realization of criminal justice.
 
 

Keywords


  1. Ardebili, M. A. (2005). General penal law. Tehran: Mizan Publication.

2. Feyz, A. (1994). Concurrent compliance with the general penal law of Islam. Qom:  Ministry of Islamic Culture.

  1. Ghazi, I. (1986). Al-Mohazzab. Qom: Islamic Publication Office.
  2. Ghorbani, A., Movahedi, J. (2012). The nature of innocence in jurisprudence and law, Journal of Legal Affairs, 80, 63-87.

5. Ardebili, M.  (no date). Majma Al-Faede va Al-Borhan fi Sharh Ershad Al-Azhan. Qom: Al-Nasir Institute.

  1. Goldouzian, I. (2000). General penal law of Iran. Tehran: Tehran University.
  2. Hur Ameli, M. H. (1990). Vasael Shia Ela Tahsil Masael Al-Shariah. Tehran: Al-Mektah Islam.
  3. Jabei, A. (No date). Masalek Al-Afhaam Ela Tanghih Sharay Al-Islam. Qom:  Islamic Science Institute.
  4. Khoei, A. (No date). Mabani Takmelat  Al-Menhaj. Najaf: Al-Adab Publishing.

10. Khomeini, R. (2007).  Al-Rasael. Tehran:Orouj Publishing

11. Makki Ameli, M. (no date). Al-Qavaed va Al-Favaed. Qom:  Maktabah Mofid

  1. 12.  Mohaghgh Damad, M. (2000). The rules of jurisprudence. Tehran: Islamic Science Center.
  2. 13.  Momeni, A., Alavi,  M., Rostami, H. (2017). Effective items for the implementation of hudood, Jurisprudence and Islamic Law, 9, 17, pp. 235-256.

14. Montazeri, H. A. (1988). Derasat  fi Velayat Al-Faghih. Qom: Islamiah Publication.

15. Najafi Tavana, A., Mostafazadeh, F. (2013). Criminalization in the criminal system of Islamic Republic of Iran, Studies in Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, 8, 149-170.

16. Najafi, M. H. (2006). Javaher Al-Kalam-Fi Sharh Sharay-Islam. Tehran: Darol Kotob Islamiyah.

17. Rahimi, I. (2008). Human dignity in criminal law. Tehran: Mizan  Publishing.
18. Sadr,  M. B. (1984). Doroos Fi Elm Al-Osoul. Qom: Islamic Publication Office.

18. Sanei, P.  (1995). General penal law. Tehran: Ganj Danesh Library.

19. Sarmast Bonab, B. (2008). Principle of innocence in criminal law. Tehran: Judge Publication.

20. Tabrizi, J. (No date). Ershad Al-Taleb. Qom: Al-Sadiq Al-Shahid.

21. Termazei, A. (1995). Sonani Termazei. Tehran: Maktabah Mortezaviyah.