Causes of Relative Nullity in French and Iranian Law and Evaluating its Possibility in Jurisprudence

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Private Law, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

2 Department of Law, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2018.540071

Abstract

During long times, conditional sentence of "relative breach" in Iran's law has been subjected of lawyers arguments. Some lawyers deny existence of this executive guarantee in Iran's law, also a group of them not only have accepted it, but also, in distinguishing its examples, have dealt generously. Some of them have chosen conservative solution and believed that theorizing in this case is not correct and written text in scattered laws are sufficient. Other authors, due to lack of this enforcement guarantee in Imamieh jurisprudence that Iran's law is based on it, suggested the term “capability of branch “instead of " relative breach. However, in the present study, we decided to investigate the causes of relative breach in law texts of both countries of Iran and France by deductive logic and then to investigative the feasibility of procedure in Imamieh jurisprudence. The present work confirms the possibility of this idea that in this case, theorizing in civil law of Iran has been valued and has been eligible of innovation and also has determined the internal realm of relative breach in law of Iran and France.

Keywords


Abbasi, Kh. (2004). Legal capacity, interdiction and growth age in civil law of Iran after amendments in 1982, Statue, 1, 48, 7-30.
2. Abbasian, A. (2011). Investigating the legal dimensions of absolute and relative nullity in Iranian law. Tehran: Islamic Azad University.
3. Al-Sanhouri. A. (1965). Al-Vasit fi Sharh Al-Qanoon Al-Madani Al-Jadid. Beirut: Dar Al-Ahya Al-Torath Al-Arabi.
4. Ansari. S. M. (1954). Makaseb. Tabriz: Matbat Al-Etelaat.
5. Bahreini. S. Y. (1992). Al-Hadaego Al-Nazera fi Ahkame Al-Etrato Al-Tahera. Qom: Islamic Publication Institute.
6. Carbonnier, J. (1988). Droit civil, Les obligations. Paris: Presses Universtaires de France.
7. Dardir. A. (no date). Al-Sharh Al- Saghir Ala Aghrabe Masalek Ela Mazhab Imam Malek. Cairo: Dar Al-Maaref Publication.
8. Davaryar, M.A. (2011). Comparative investigation of guardianship of interdicted people in jurisprudence of groups and Iran Law, Jurisprudence Magazine, 26, 61 – 98.
9. De La Morandiére. J. (1966). Droit civil. Paris: Dalloz.
10. Esfahani. S. A. (1942). Vasilat Al-Nejat. Qom: Niknam.
11. Eskini, R. (2006). Commercial companies. Qom: Mehr Publication.
12. Fatemi, M. (no date). Protection in civil law of Iran. Qom: Hekmat Printing Office.
13.  Flour, J., Aubert, J. L. Savaux, E. (2002). Les obligations, L, acte juridique. Paris: Armand Colin et Delta.
14. Fréderic, P. D. (2005). Le droit d'auteure. Paris: Economica.
15. Ghabouli, M., Mohseni, S. (2012). Public theory of nullity of contract (A comparative study in Iranian and French Law). Tehran: Jangal Publication.
16. Hosseini Ameli, M. J. (1987).  Meftah Al- Kerama fi Sharh Qavaed Al- Lomah. Beirut: Dar Al-Torath Al-Arabi Publication.
17. Imami, S. H. (2009). Civil law. Tehran: Islamiyeh Bookshop.
18. Jafari, M. J. (2014). The effect of intention in civil law. Tehran: Ganj Danesh Publication.
19. Javaheri, H (2010). Legal capacity, identification of maturity age and its effect on duty(1).  Law Magazine, 58, 129- 161.
20. Katoozian, N. (1999). Unilateral obligation. Tehran: Dadgostar Publication.
21. Katouzian, N. (2000). Public rules of contracts. Tehran: Enteshar Publication.
22. Katouzian, N. (2010). Primary course of civil law (Lessons from determined contracts). Tehran:  Ganj Danesh Publication.
23. Khomein. S. R. (2000). Al-Baye. Qom: Imam Khomeini's Works Publication
24. Khomeini, H., Davoodi, R. (2013). Investigating the religious reality with an approach to Imam Khomeini, Matin Research Magazine, 57, 19-60.
25. Khomeini. S. M. (1997). Tahrirat fi Al-Osoul. Qom: Imam Khomeini's Works Publication.
26. Khorosani. H. M. (1839). Trade thesis. Tehran: Stone Publication.
27. Kianouri, K. (no date). Absolute and relative nullity and the effect of each of them on contracts from the viewpoint of civil law and Islamic jurisprudence. Tehran: Javaheri Publication.
28. Mahalli. J. (1997). Sharh Menhaj Al-Talebin. Beirut: Amirah Publication.
29. Maverdi. A. M. (1993). Al- Havi Al-Kabir fi Fiqh Mazhab Imam Shafeghi. Beirut: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Elmiyah Publication.
30. Mazeaud, H.L. (1969). Droit Civi. Paris: Montchrestien.
31. Naeeni, M.H. (1995). Monyat Al-Taleb fi Hashiya Al-Makaseb. Tehran: Maktab Al-Mohammadiyah.
32. Naeeni, M. H. (1998). Monyat Al-Taleb fi Hashiya Al-Makaseb. Tehran: Maktab Al-Mohammadiyah.
33. Najafi. M. H. (1952). Taaligha Ala Al-Makaseb Al-Marhoom Al-Al-Lomah Ansari. Tehran: Buzar.
34. Najafi. M. H. (1990). Javaher Al-Kalam. Tehran: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Islamiyah.
 35. Najafi. M. H. (1990). Javaher Al-Kalam. Tehran: Dar Al-Kotob Al-Islamiyah.
36. Novin, P. (2016). Absolute and relative nullity in Iranian private law system with offering comparative discussion in law of France and England. Tehran: Ganj Danesh Publication.
37. Padfield, C.F. (1989). Law. Oxford: Heineman Professional Publishing Ltd.
38. Raoofifard, H. (2008). Comparative investigation of relative nullity in Iranian and French law. Qom: Qom University.
39. Safaei, H. (1969). Mistake in contract in Iranian and French Law. Law and Political Science  Magazine, 3, 87 – 108.
40. Safaei, H. (1969). Mistake on personality of second party of contract in Iranian and French Law, Magazine of Law and Political Science, 4, 84 – 110.
41. Safaei, S. H. (2008). Civil and comparative law. Tehran: Mizan Publication.
42. Shahidi, M. (2003). Principals of contracts and obligations. Tehran: Majd Publication.
43. Tafreshi, M. I. (2009). Analytical issues of the law of commercial companies. Tehran: Tarbiat Modarres University Publication.
44. Tousi. H. A. (1967). Al-Mabsout Fi Al-Fiqh Imamiya. Qom: Maktab Al-Mortazaviyah Publication.