Jurisprudential Reflection on the Signified of Article 440 in Islamic Penal statute

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Jurisprudence and Principles of Islamic Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

2 Department of Jurisprudence & Islamic Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2018.540066

Abstract

When a criminal is sentenced to retaliation for crimes less than death, the demand of someone who has been committed a crime against him is sufficient for retaliation. This question may be raised that whether the complete retaliation of an injury of criminal, prior to the establishment of full recovery in the real crime victim is permissible or not? Famous jurists based on the Qur'anic generalities and absolutes, and no-spread principle, made the license of retaliation before recovery of their own principle. In contrast, some jurists have not accepted the license of retaliation before recovery. And some others have divided between the injuries that are typically spreading and injuries which do not spread. It is noteworthy that the legislator has provided and presented in Article 440 of Islamic Penal statute. But before executing a life retaliation, the heir authority should pay the blood money of crime as retaliating perpetrator`s. And if the emerged spread is considered unintentionally, the perpetrator is condemned to pay the blood money which is committed by the spread, and does not diminish the amount of the blood money retaliation. The authors, after reviewing the issue and with great care in its documentation, believe that the lack of retaliation permission has no legal basis. Ultimately, they choose “the divisiveness view” as their choice.

Keywords


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