Juridical Approaches Analysis based on Gender in Testimony

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Jurisprudence, Kurdistan University, Kurdistan, Iran

2 Associate Professor in Law, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran

Abstract

The credibility of women’s testimony in Islamic jurisprudence has been controversial. Although it is not a new subject and it has been proposed for a long time but this cannot avoid us not to address the new comments on this issue and not to consider different attitudes toward it in order to understand legislator’s opinion better. Two approaches can be proposed in this field. First, gender-based approach which treats a woman’s testimony as half of a man’s based on rational and narrative reasons. On the other hand, the second approach, in the historical context, attempts to adjust the attitudes which can be the cause of misunderstandings, through reinterpretation of situations in traditional approach and the analysis of citation reasons and provide the possibility to bypass the traditional approach based on time and space requirements and juridical-legal modernity in order to pave the way for a modern approach towards women’s testimony. The latter approach through accreditation to women’s testimony, assumes women’s testimony as a small issue in dynamism of Islamic jurisprudence, so that it can keep pace with time and space changes.

Keywords


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