Document Type : Original Article
Professor of Private Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
Ph.D of Private Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran
Necessity is the one of the circumstances that causes one person to avoide an existence or near risk enter to damage on the other person. For realization, the necessity must exist in some conditions and with existing these conditions, at the time of enforcing of waver of article 55 of the former Islamic penalty code, there will be different opinions among the lawyers. With elimination that waver in new penalty code, the question is that whether necessity is one of factors that raises the civil liability or not? In this article, the author consider the concept, conditions, effects and cases of necessity in civil liability.