The Professional Ethics of Industries in Shiite Jurisprudence and Professional Texts (Case Study: the Right of Supervision over Industries)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D Candidate of Isfahan, Kashan University, Kashhan, Iran & Faculty Staff, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran

2 Associate Professor of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

Abstract

The Shiite jurisprudence, due to its comprehensiveness, is one of the richest and most important sources which can be applied in studying the etiquettes and moralities involved in business. The jurists have mentioned various teachings in form of religious precepts including obligatory, unlawful, recommended and disliked rules in the legal works devoted to business and trading in Islam. Such legal teachings can create certain principles and bases known as professional ethics used in the fields of economics, business and industries. Furthermore, such principles have been reflected in some professional texts, particularly in some chivalry-manifestos presented by certain business. This essay, as a legal research, seeks to indicate the degree of Shiite jurisprudential influence on the emergence of specific principles of professional ethics in different business using a library base and descriptive method and by comparing the legal texts on the one hand and the professional texts on the other. The main question which this essay tries to answer is to know what principles can be inferred from analyzing and comparing the Shiite jurisprudential teachings and the professional texts written in this regard. Based on the findings of this article, the following principles can be extracted from the above mentioned analysis: the obligation of providing livelihood, and giving reverence to business, the necessity of gaining knowledge for business, the necessity of pursuing the example of religious role models in different businesses, the requirement of attending to ethics and spirituality in work, the obligation of adding prayer and devotion in all works. The blessing in work and business can take place in the light of proper businesses which can be achieved through legal analysis and by supervising the jobs as one of the principles of professional ethics in business.

Keywords


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