To Compensate Spiritual Loss Caused by Losses Surplus to Blood- Money

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University

Abstract

Discussing about spiritual loss and its calculation and compensation method is one of the most interesting matters and intricate issues of law and legal researches too.
In spite of suitable background in legal texts for the possibity of compensating spiritual loss, the majority of law courts avoid to judge about spiritual losses demand.
One of the cases of spiritual losses is the loss surplus to blood-money, since each person loses different physical and spiritual benefits due to physical damages. It should be mentioned that paying blood-money is not sufficient for compensation of some damages. It would be a disputable issue in the legal law courts. 

Keywords


  1. Al-Ova, M. S. No date. Osoul Al-Nezam Al-Jenaei Al-Islami. Darol Maaref.

 

  1. Ameli, J. 1905. Meftahol Keramah Fi Sharh Qavaed Alameh. Cairo.

 

  1. Ansari, M. 1865. Al-Makaseb. Stone Publication, Tehran.

 

  1. ………… , ……….. . Civil right. 1991. Civil responsibility(3rd ed). Tehran University, Tehran.

 

  1. Eftekhari, J. 1991. Civil right and civil responsibility.

 

  1. Fazel, J. 1983. Al-Tanqih Rae Le Mokhtasar Sharaye. Ayatollah Marashi Library, Qom.

 

  1. Golpayegani, M.R. No date. Majmaol Masael. Darol Quran Karim, Qom.

 

  1. Hashemi, M. 1999. Requisites of criminal law(1st ed). Mizan Publication, Tehran.

 

  1. Hur Ameli, M.H. No date. Vasaelol Shiah Ela Tahsil Masael Shariah. Dar Ehya Torath Arabiyah, Beirut.

 

  1. Husseininezhad, H. 1991. Civil responsibility. Shahid Beheshti University.

 

  1. Imami, H. 1987. Civil right(3rd ed). Islamiyah Bookshop, Tehran.

 

  1. Jafari, M.J. 1989. Terminology in law.  Ganj Danesh Library, Tehran.

 

  1. Katouzian, N. No date. Civil right. Tehran University, Tehran.

 

  1. Khafif, A. 1997. Al-Zeman Fi Fiqh Islami. Cairo: Darol Fekr Arabi.

 

  1. Khoei, A.Q. No date. Mabani Taklamah Menhaj. Darol Zahra, Beirut.

 

  1. Koleyni, A.J. 1942. Osoul Men Kafi. Tehran: Darol Kotob Islamiyah.

 

 

  1. Koleyni, A.J.. 1999. Mansout in law terminology. Ganj Danesh Library, Tehran.

 

  1. Marashi, M.H. 1994. New viewpoints in Islam' penal law. Mizan Publication, Tehran.

 

  1. ……… , ……. . No date. Masalekol Afham. Darol Hoda, Qom

 

  1. ……. , …….. . 1991. Mesbah Fiqahah. Darol Hadi, Beirut.

 

  1. Mir Fatah, M. 1996. Anavinol Osoul. Islamic Publication Institute.

 

  1. Mousavi, R. 1989. Rasael. Esmaeilian Institute.

 

  1. Mousavi, H. 1968. Qavaed Fiqhiyah. Najaf: Matbaah Albab.

 

  1. Najafi, M.H. 1996. Javaherol Kalam. Maktabah Mortezaviyah, Tehran.

 

  1. Najafi, S. 2004. Material compensation of spiritual damage in Iran's  lawful system. Jouranl of  lawyers convention.

 

  1. Nakhjir, R. 2001. Restoration necessity of  spiritual damage in lawful system. Ettelaat Newspaper.

 

  1. Naqibi, S.A. 2002. Spiritual damage in Islam's law & contemporary lawful system. Amir Kabir Publication, Tehran.

 

  1. Nouri, H. 1992. Tozihol Masael. Qods Publication, Qom.

 

  1. Oudeh, A.Q. 1992. Al-Tashri Jenaei Islami Moqarenan Bel Qanoon Vazei. Resaleh Institute, Beirut.

 

  1. Parvin, F. 2001. Spiritual damage in Iran's law(1st ed).

 

  1. Qasemzadeh, S.M. 1999. Principles of civil responsibility.

 

  1. Roshdi, M.E. No date. Al-Fiqh Jenaei Islami. Matbah Jabalavi.

 

  1. Saneei, P. 1992. General penal law(4th ed). Ganj Danesh, Tehran.

 

  1. Shahidi, M. 1987. Civil responsibility. Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran.

 

  1. Shahid Sani, Z.A. No date. Kashfol Ribeh Fi Ahkam Gheybeh. Maktabah Mortezaviyah, Tehran.

 

  1. Soltaninezhad, H. 2001. Civil responsibility. Nooral Qaleyn.

 

  1. Tabatabaei, M.H. 1972. Tafsirol Mizan. Alami Lel Matboat, Beirut.

 

  1. Tofiq, R. No date. Ahliyah Oqobah Fi Shariah Va Al-Qanoonel Moqaren.

 

  1. Yazdi, M.K. No date. Molhaqat Orvah Vosqa. Maktabah Davar, Qom.