Reason of Usul Science from the Perspective of Imam Khomeini (General Method of Ijtihad in Usul Science)

Document Type : Original Article


Qom University, Qom, Iran


      Usul science is a knowledge to study reasons of fiqh and to represent the rules of inference in fiqh. But there are very important questions about methodology of Usul science. What are reasons of Usul science? What rules does Usul science argue? Response to these questions explains the foundations of production, development, refinement, critique and evaluation in Usul science. So the current study aims to draw an inference from Imam Khomeini's original works and opinions, so reasons of Usul science can be investigted in a case study from his perspective. In this study, the rules of reasoning are summerized in each problem of Usul science and then common patterns that are subjected to inductive method in these cases are defined. Consequently, general pattern is achieved from methods of Usul reasoning. This pattern has nine reasons: lexical analysis that refers toanalysis of word’s first meaning that comes to mind; conventional analysis comes in 3 forms: rational analysis (rational method), generalization (speech refers to common noun and thing) or performance analysis of conventional masters; innate understanding that does not need theoretical reasoning because it itself is reason; rational reasoning that is argumentation based on philosophical wisdom; narrative reason that includes narratives of infallibles; hybrid reason comes in two forms: rational – narrative reason and rational – literal reason. In addition to extracting this inductive pattern, the current study does not ignore the explanation of each reason’s quiddity, their dimensions and pathological discussion around them. 


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