Reasons of Forbidding Suicide and its Place in Iran's Criminal Law

Document Type : Original Article


1 Yadegar Imam University

2 Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

3 Assistant Professor in Islamic Law & Jurisprudence, Babol Branch, Babol, Iran

4 Ph.D Candidate of International Relations, Gilan University, Gilan, Iran


Suicide is an act which is the subject of a crime and also can be the object of a crime (victim). In other words, if the victim of murder is innocent, he himself is a murderer. In fact, suicide is a kind of murder with the unity of the killer and the victim. From the Islam's viewpoint the suicide is forbidden. Its application in book, tradition and consensus is fixed. In Iran's criminal law, suicide does not relate to the offense. Of course, recently, according to the penal code of computer crime, some forms of computer systems which lead to suicide can be regarded as a crime and are punishable.


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