A New Analysis of Gaining Illicit Property Crime in Iran’s Law

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Associate Professor of Penal Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

2 Ph.D Candidate of Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

Abstract

According to Iran’s law on crimes against properties, mostly a crime named as “gaining illicit property “is documented to Article 2 of aggravated penalties of perpetrators of bribery, embezzlement, fraud, adopted in 1988. The Article is ambiguous since it isn’t determined to this crime could be committed by any person with any attributes? Or perpetrator of such crime is individuals with specific feature? Because according to the basis and the way the text is composed, the Article refers to peoples that doing any act according to certain rules and regulations and on the behalf of the government to do some business and through this, they have gained a property. Therefore, the word “illicit” here, pertains to acting against determined rules and regulation for the perpetrator. This can be one concept of God ordered in Quran: obtaining the property illegally. Therefore the perpetrator obtain the property belonging to another without any bases.

Keywords


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