Document Type : Original Article
Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
Associate Professor, Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran
Discussion of guarantor that appears in two levels of laws; civil law and trade law, is one of the civil essential discussions of civil jurisprudence about transferring or partnership always entails to challenges and there are jurists' differences in positive laws and it creates opposition among law clauses. Analyzing this subject and discovering intrinsic nature of guarantor's contract can solve conflict of these two law clauses. This article aims to solve opposition by analytical way to check great Imamiah and Sunnite jurist's ideas and evaluate reasons. In addition to rejecting consensus, one of the discussion results is this fact that reasons which Farighin presented to prove their ideas are strong and weren't established their verdicts; hence one can say that nature and essence of guarantor's contract has not suitability of charge transferring nor attachment has charge, but intrinsic necessity of this contract is creating charge; nevertheless, accepting each of these two verdicts while contracting and agreement, can be correct. From legal view, guarantor is civil discussion and its content is completed in trade law and doesn’t devote to trade law, but is complement of civil law.