Place and Guarantees of the Principle of Innocence in Islamic and Public Law with Emphasis on the Judgment of the Administrative Justice Court

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Public and International Law, University of Judicial Sciences and Administrative Services, Tehran, Iran

2 MA. Department of Public Law, University of Judicial Sciences and Administrative Services, Tehran, Iran

3 PhD Candidate, Department of Public Law, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2021.684738

Abstract

In Islamic law, in cases of doubt in the presence of the duty and failure to provide evidence of the conduct of the duty, the principle should be based on the absence of the duty and thus not imposing a responsibility on individuals. In the legal term, this principle is based on the requirements of judicial justice and supports the freedom and dignity of individuals. The extent of the principle of innocence is very wide and inclusive than Islamic law but the commonality of this principle in both areas is alesalat ol adam. This article, using a descriptive-analytical method and using library sources, seeks to answer this question: What is place and guarantees of the principle of innocence in Islamic and public law and in the judgments of Administrative Justice Court? Conclusion of this article is that the principle of innocence and its guarantees, as referred to in criminal law, in the field of public law has not been cited by the administrative proceedings authorities and a number of branches of the Administrative Justice Court, in judicial controlling of quasi-criminal administrative bodies, have referred to the guarantees of the principle of innocence and have considered them as one of the principles of fair administrative hearing. According to this principle, one cannot be held accountable or be restricted his freedom without giving any reason; An approach that if pursued extensively and severely by all branches of the administrative Justice Court can improve the performance of administrative authorities and quasi-criminal administrative bodies.

Keywords


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