Evaluating the Evidence to Prove the Case with regard to Validating the Conscience of the Judge in Issuing a Verdict

Document Type : Original Article

Author

Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2021.684736

Abstract

Persuasion of the conscience of the judge is explicitly stipulated in Article 374 of the Code of Criminal Procedure adopted in 1392 , although its validity is not explicitly mentoned in the Quran and hadiths. But from the content of  some verses including verse 58 of Surah An-Nisa, if you rule between the people and  rule with strict justice. Also , Islamic narrations can be drawn upon for the sake of con vincing conscience. If we seek to diccover the truth in the judiciary and to establish judicial justice in accordance, and not just settling the hostility, the judge himself will be allowed to use the two basic principles of free achieving of reason and evaluating the reason and do the necessary investigation on the basis of the evidence presented during the trial, and in case of conviction especially in the criminal case which is related to the lives, honor and dignity of the people, if he comes to in ternal conscience, he can issue a verdict.

Keywords


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