Alimony of the Wife and the Purposes of the Shari'a

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Ph.D. Candidate, Department of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence, Babol Branch, Islamic Azad University, Babol, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Mazandaran University, Babosar, Iran,

3 Associate Professor, Department of Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

10.22034/ijrj.2021.684734

Abstract

One of the important approaches in jurisprudential studies is to pay attention to the aims of the shari'a in the religious law, namely, to pay attention to the criteria and causes of the sentence, as well as its expedients and corruptness from the perspective of the legislator of islam. In such a way that purposes and causes of the sentences, not have constradictions with general nature of sharia of islam. According to the general aims of the shari'a in marriage, which is the formation of the family, the production of the generation and the creation of the human face, is not the livelihood and lust of the animal, and the partial purposes of the shari'a is in alimony, which is the provision of women's needs in the family. It can be said that first, alimony of spouse as a unilaterally duty is responsible for husband and only the disobedience of the wife prevents of countinuing. The alimony of the woman is related to the supply of material needs, health, spiritual, psychological, scientific and educational support to the strengthening of the family system and the proper education of children. Therefore, the determination of alimony in material matters such as housing, clothing and food is through tarighah and does not matter.

Keywords


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