عنوان مقاله [English]
Ibn Idris was the only jurist of the sixth century who was able to pave the way for the presentation of new ideas and the evolution of Shiite jurisprudence by criticizing the views of his predecessors, especially Sheikh Tusi's critiques, and in the field of ijtihad and jurisprudence he chose principles that gave his jurisprudence a special character. The book Al-Sara'ir Al-Hawi by Tahrir al-Fatawi contains his fatwas and jurisprudential theories, some of which are notorious, but some of which are his own.
Since the purpose of this study is to investigate the basics and reasons for Ibn Idris's differing opinions, examples of these views such as prayer in two suspicious clothes, vague confession, execution of the permissible limit, etc. have been explored and exploited. The descriptive-analytical method explains the basics, documents and their cause.
Belief in the unreliability of the single news is one of the most important principles of Ibn Idris, which on the one hand, due to his principled basis and on the other hand in terms of the temporal dimension of the evidence, has caused his previous action to be hidden from his vision. Innocent, this has led to a lack of reliance on a large part of the news, and as a result, their votes have been singled out.
Keywords: Ibn Idris, rare votes, individual, single news, concealment of evidence, caution