A New Analysis of Gaining Illicit Property Crime in Iran’s Law

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor of Penal Law, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

2 Ph.D Candidate of Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran


According to Iran’s law on crimes against properties, mostly a crime named as “gaining illicit property “is documented to Article 2 of aggravated penalties of perpetrators of bribery, embezzlement, fraud, adopted in 1988. The Article is ambiguous since it isn’t determined to this crime could be committed by any person with any attributes? Or perpetrator of such crime is individuals with specific feature? Because according to the basis and the way the text is composed, the Article refers to peoples that doing any act according to certain rules and regulations and on the behalf of the government to do some business and through this, they have gained a property. Therefore, the word “illicit” here, pertains to acting against determined rules and regulation for the perpetrator. This can be one concept of God ordered in Quran: obtaining the property illegally. Therefore the perpetrator obtain the property belonging to another without any bases.


. Abd Ebrahim, A. (1995). Jaraem Eteda Alal Amval Fi Qanoon Oqoobat. Oman: Darol Saqafeh Lel Nashr Val Tozi.
2. Abdolfatah, E. (1961). What is crime and elements of criminalization?. Dadgostar Journal.
3. Ahmad, I. (No date). Mojam Maqaeis Loghah. Beirut: Pirooz Publication.
4. Alivi, M. (2002). Khinah Amanah Va Asareha Fel Oqood. Oman: Darol Saqafah Lel Nashr Val Tozi.
5. Amid, H. (1977). Amid dictionary. Tehran: Amir Kabir Publication.
6. Ardebili, M. (2013). General penal law. Tehran: Mizan Publication.
7. Catherine, E. & Frances, Q. (2000). Criminal law (3rd ed.). Pearson Education.
8. Darvish, B. (2001). Crimes against property. Tehran: Tehran Publication.
9. Dezfuli, M. (1989). Makaseb. Qom: Darol Kotob Islami.
10. Fakhr Razi, A. (No date). Tafsir Kabir. Beirut: Dar Ehya Toah Arabi.
11. Goldozian, I. (2014). Islamic punishment law. Tehran: Majd Publication.
12. Habibzadeh, M. (2002). Treason in trust in penal law of Iran. Tehran: Tarbiat Modares University.
13. Hassan Ibn Yousuf, A. (No date). Nahayah Ahkam Fi Marefah Ahkam. Qom: Aal Bayt Le Ehya Al-Toath.
14. Hojati, M. (No date). IPC in the present lawful order. Tehran: Misaq Edalat Publication.
15. Jabour, M. (1984). Al-Fiqh Ala Mazaheb Arbaah. Beirut: Manshourat Darol Saqaleyn.
16. Jafar, A. (1995). Qanoon Oqoobat Jaraem. Beirut: Darol Saqafah Lel Nashr Val Tozi.
17. Jafari, J. (No date). Mabsout in law terminology. Tehran: Ganj Danesh Publication.
18. Kashani, F. (No date). Mafatih Sharayeh. Qom: Ayatollah Marashi Publication.
19. Katouzian, N. (2013). Introduction of law. Tehran: Mizan Publication.
20. Maraqi, M. (1996). Al-Anavin Fiqhiyah. Qom: Islamic Publication Office.
21. Mir Mohammad Sadiqi, H. (2013). Private penal law. Tehran: Mizan Publication.
22. Mobeydi, R. (No date). Kashfol Asrar Vadah Abrar. Tehran: Amir Kabir Publication.
23. Moein, M. (2003). Moein Dictionary. Tehran: Amir Kabir Publication.
24. Najafi, M. (1983). Javaherol Kalam Fi Sharh Sharaye Islam. Beirut: Dar Ehya Torath Arabi.
25. Najib, M. (1984). Jaraem Eteda Alal Amval Fi Qanoon Oqoobat Lobanani. Beirut: Darol Nehzah Arabiyah.
26. Qartabi, M. (No date). Tafsir Jameh Ahkam Quran. Beirut: Dar Ehya Torath Arabi.
27. Qazvini, A. (2003). Yanabi Ahkam Fi Marefah Halal Val Haram. Qom: Islamic Publication Office.
28. Rashti, M. ( No date). Al-Qasb. Qom: Ahl Bayt Publication.
29. Roshdi, M. (1986). Al-Ekhtelas Fi Jaraem Amval. Cairo: Maktabah Nehzah Sarq.
30. Salimi, S. (213). Abstract of general penal law. Tehran: Jangal Publication.
31. Sharoudi, M. (2002). Ketab Ejareh. Qom: Islamic Publication Office.
32. Shirazi, M. (No date). Isal Taleb Ela Makaseb. Tehran: Elmi Publication.
33.Tabarsi, M. (No date). Majma Bayan. Beirut: Dar Maktabah Hayah.
34. Tabatabaei, M. (1995). Tafsir Mizan. Beirut: Elmi Publication.
35. Tousi, M. (1967). Al-Mabsout Fi Fiqh Imamiyeh. Tehran: Maktabah Mortezaviyah.
36. Tousi, M. (1988). Al-Tebyan Fi Tafsir Quran. Qom: Maktabah Alam Islami.
37.William, W. (2001). Criminal law. London: London and New York Loncman Publication.
38. Zeraat, A. (2013). Crimes against property and ownership. Tehran: Javdaneh Publication.
39. Ziaei, K. (2005). Islamic Punishment law in Iran. Tehran: Zia Publication.