عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Testimony as one of the evidence for proving lawsuit in judicial jurisprudence including civil and penal one as well as demonstrating issues of religious verdict necessitates a recognition of authentic conditions in jurisprudence and law. Considering verses, narrations and legal cases, qualifications such as maturity, intellect, Islam, justice and lack of invective as common conditions and conditions like faith, freedom and speech and … as non-common conditions have been accepted. There is disagreement over some conditions like in-birth purity, which has been discussed as to reasons made by religious scholars.